Canine anatomy, particularly the musculoskeletal system, is remarkably similar to human anatomy.
The major difference (besides fur!) is the fact that we walk upright on two legs and they walk on all fours (quadruped).
“Joints” are intersections between one or more bones. The major joints of the canine skeletal system that you should be aware of in terms of location and “name” are: glenohumeral (shoulder), iliofemoral (hip), stifle (knee), and hock (ankle).
CONSIDERATION AND FUN FACT: If a ligament (primarily collagen, non-contractile tissue) tears, it does not repair (or reattach) itself! The dog may appear to be “healed” because the inflammation may subside, and / or they have reduced pain over time, but do not mistake this for regeneration of collagen fibers.
The more contractile fibers in a tissue the better. Muscles are primarily contractile tissues and little, if any, collagen. Collagen doesn’t contract and therefore isn’t considered an “active” body tissue in that sense. It is abundantly found in ligaments and tendons.
FUN FACT: In general, dogs have more skeletal muscle than people.
Excerpt: "OPTIMIZING FITNESS FOR PERFORMANCE IN DOGS" book.
(See my store for details) - ON SALE!